TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR A CONSULTANCY TO CONDUCT A PROTECTION ASSESSMENT IN PUNTLAND STATE OF SOMALIA1.0 Background
CARE delivers emergency assistance to survivors of civil war and natural disasters and helps people rebuild their lives in the aftermath. In Somalia CARE has been providing emergency and development services and lifesaving assistance to the Somali people since 1981 using a human rights based approach framework aiming at supporting IDPs and host communities affected by drought, conflict and natural disasters. CARE Somalia is currently implementing a number of emergency projects in WASH, Protection, Nutrition, Non-food items (NFIs) distribution, Food security and livelihood activities in Puntland. CARE Somalia plans to implement a new project, named Diriswanaag II (Good neighborliness, hospitality) project funded by Dutch MOFA which seeks to build upon gains made in a previous Diriswanaag I project. The project aims to improve living conditions and reduce vulnerability for 2,087 households from IDP and vulnerable host communities in Puntland. The project aims to undertake advocacy and awareness raising activities to address the protection needs of IDPs.
2.0 Situation of IDPs in PuntlandFor more than two decades, Somalia has experienced violence, conflict and lawlessness, which have exacerbated poverty and hardship, undermined social and economic development, and made it challenging for the international community to address humanitarian and development priorities.Despite a remarkable improvement of the security and humanitarian situation in the country, Somalia’s IDP population was between 1.1 million and 1.36 million . UNHCR estimates that there are approximately 130,000 in Puntland alone. Most of the displaced in Puntland are believed to have fled armed conflict or generalized violence in South Central Somalia. Drought has also led to displacement, particularly for pastoralists.In November 2012, the Puntland State of Somalia developed a National IDP policy and recognized the need to protect the rights of IDPs and devise ways of addressing their protection and humanitarian needs. Though the government made a significant progress towards establishing a legal and policy framework, IDPs still face threats to their physical security. The most affected groups include women-headed households, unaccompanied children and minority groups who fled from South Somalia. Some of the major protection issues experienced by IDPs include mistreatment, discrimination and marginalization, forced relocation and evictions, violence, arbitrary arrests, reprisals, extortion by landowners, deprivation, repression, aid diversion and gender based violence, among others.
3.0 Purpose of the Assessment The purpose of the protection assessment is to provide an in-depth analysis of the current protection needs and concerns of IDPs and vulnerable host populations in Puntland. The assessment is expected to provide specific information and recommendations on violence, forced relocations, evictions, arbitrary arrests, extortion by landowners, deprivation and repression, aid diversion, access to justice, Gender Based violence, child rights abuses and violations amongst other concerns meted against mentioned groups.
4.0 Specific Issues to be addressed by the assessment:Some of the protection issues that should be address by the assessment (as minimum) include:i. Safety and Security:? What restrictions do IDPs face in Puntland and why?? Extensively research on the Presence of gatekeepers in IDP camps? How does evictions in IDP camps occur and explore the reasons for evictions? Identify the presence of police in the IDP settlements and what role they play in protecting IDPs in Puntland and identify the existence of community policing and how effective they are? How is the relationship between IDPs and Host Community? ? Identify cases of Diversion of aid distribution? What strategies/coping mechanism do IDPs rely on to ensure their safety and security?
ii. Access to Justice:? What Potential risks /special needs do minority groups face in accessing justice and services? E.g. is there any discrimination in accessing services? ? Which formal and informal system of justice do IDPs prefer relaying on and why?? In case of violations/Abuses which mechanism do IDPs prefer to seek assistance and why?? Ascertain if IDPs have access to legal services
iii. Gender Based Violence -Prevention and Response ? Identify the most common types of SGBV and what are the causes of GBV? Who are the main perpetrators?? When are where does it take place most? And who are particularly most at risk and why?? What are the factors that that make rape cases not reported to police?? What are the main forms of GBV in IDPs and their potential causes?? What is the authority’s response to GBV?? How do victims of Gender Based Violence Access Justice and Where do they go so as to access justices? How long does it take to have response to cases?? Ascertain the availability of and access to GBV services? Existence of sexual assault referral centres in areas accessed .How many, &who manages the centres if any?? What are the Potential risks /special needs for women and girls living in IDP camps
iv. Displacement issues:? Potential risks /special needs for elderly, sick, disabled exist in IDP camps etc.? Places of origin (% IDPs per district, region)? Identify causes of multiple displacements in the IDP (% drought %, inter clan conflicts % general conflicts % economy)
v. Child Protection:? What Potential risks do children living in IDP camps face with particular emphasis on physical harm, family separation, exploitation, Abuse and Gender based violence, recruitment into armed forces and negative forces and psychosocial distress of children? What services do children have access to in the IDP camps?
vi. Durable Solution: ? Explore channels on supporting IDPs in Puntland in their search for durable solutions in planning their return, resettlement and local integration ? Ascertain % of IDPs willing to return to places of origin & why? Explore % IDPs un-willing to return and why? Resources for return (Do IDP have resources to return to place of origin)? Find out the % IDPs who are locally integrated? What challenges do IDPs face in integrating locally?? Explore % IDPs who were relocated from their origin camps, number of times they were relocated and why?
vii. Service provision in the IDP camps? Map existing protection service providers (e.g. GBV prevention and response, psychosocial support, etc.) in the IDP camps? Types of support provided by the local authorities.
viii. Protection priorities in the IDP camps? What are the protection priorities in the IDP camps that require attention and intervention
ix. Key recommendations? What are the key recommendations to Puntland authorities, UN agencies, international humanitarian organizations and local human rights organizations active in Puntland
6.0 Proposed MethodologyTo deliver the assignment, the consultant will be required to employ a combination of methodologies including participatory approaches for primary and secondary data collection from reliable and relevant sources. In particular, the consultant is expected to:? Conduct desk reviews of project documents and meetings with key project staff.? Administer household questionnaires to a representative sample to be agreed with CARE.? Train Enumerators who will administer the household questionnaires.? Organize one-on-one interview with key stakeholders who include the Ministry of Interior; Ministry of Justice; Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs; Ministry of Women and Family Affairs; key UN, INGOs and LNGOs; IDP and host community representatives; and religious and traditional leaders.? Review relevant documents including Puntland constitution, Puntland IDP guidelines, international treaties, government documents and other relevant policies related to IDP rights.? Conduct FGDs with selected groups, particularly the IDP and host communities in target areas.
7.0 Key Deliverables? Briefings/Debriefings: Provide regular feedback/briefs to Protection Advisor and Protection Manager. The consultant will report his/her preliminary findings to the Protection Advisor, and CARE Somalia’s Monitoring and Evaluations Advisor before leaving the field.? Draft report – The consultant is expected to produce a draft report identifying key findings, conclusions, recommendations and lessons for the current and future operation. This will be reviewed by CARE Somalia for initial feedback.? Final report – The consultant will produce the Final report of maximum 30 pages (excluding Annexes) incorporating all comments and feedback provided by CARE. Other essential/additional information can go into annexes. The annexes must include list of informants and work schedule.
8.0 Report FormatThe report must include: (a) Title Page, (b) Table of Contents, figures and tables (c) Abbreviations / acronyms page, (d) Executive summary (not more than 2 pages), (e) Background and a short introduction of the project, (f) Methodology, (g) Findings, (h) Lessons learnt, (i) Conclusions and Recommendations. The consultant can suggest and add any other heading felt necessary.
9.0 Supervision and Reporting The consultant shall be responsible to keep CARE Somalia abreast of progress made and will be supervised by Protection Advisor and Emergency Program Coordinator in Garowe and regular monitoring and review meetings will be conducted to review progress and respond to any challenges. The consultant will be required to submit to CARE Somalia all study materials including soft copies of all data sets both quantitative and qualitative, all filled quantitative data collection tools and qualitative data recording materials.
10.0 Required Competencies of the ConsultantCARE Somalia is looking for a consultant with the following experience and qualifications:• At least a university degree in Social sciences or closely related disciplines.• Demonstrated experience in conducting protection related assessments (including GBV, child protection, psychosocial support, etc) research in Somalia and/or the region and a clear understanding of traditional forms of social organization and systems of local governance in Puntland.• Sound theoretical knowledge of displacement dynamics and/or experience of programme implementation for an NGO or UN agency in delivering humanitarian assistance to displaced populations. • Experience in and knowledge of protection concerns in emergency/conflict settings. • Practice in the use of participatory methods for conducting research/studies; • Fluency in spoken and written English. Somali language will be an added advantage. • Strong communication skills, with the ability to communicate detailed concepts clearly and concisely both in writing and verbally.
11.0 CARE’s responsibilities on the assignmentIn support to the consultant(s) to undertake the assignment, CARE Somalia will:? Provide assistance in facilitating visas for Somalia, travel expenses (Visa, taxi) upon presentation of receipts.? Make payment in US Dollars at an agreed rate (depending on experience).? Pay fixed daily rates to Enumerators (if engaged to collect data)? Provide all relevant/available materials pertinent to study ? Provide logistical support for field activities
? Provide transport to and from Somalia during the consultancy period ? Provide housing, boarding and transportation in Somalia. In case this is not provided while on field trip, CARE will pay per diem based on its rates in the country.
How to apply:
Interested consultants or firms should submit their applications, updated CVs of individuals to conduct the assessments or profile of applying company to: firstname.lastname@example.org and copy Aismail@som.care.org . Please indicate “PROTECTION ASSESSMENT IN PUNTLAND” as the subject heading.ngo jobs in puntlandsample ngo constituition related to childcare